SECOND SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST (Proper 4B)
(03 June 2018)
Deuteronomy 5:12–15; Ps. 81:1-10; 2 Corinthians 4:5–12; Mark 2:23–28; 3:1–6
Entrance: 906 O Day of Rest and Gladness
Of the Day: 566 By Grace I’m Saved
Offertory: 757 Lord, It Belongs Not to My Care
Distribution: 627 Jesus Christ, Our Blessed Savior;
Christ Jesus Is the Sabbath Rest that Remains for the People of God Forevermore
The Lord brought the sons of Israel out of Egypt “with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm,” in order to give them rest (Deut. 5:15). When He commanded them to “observe the Sabbath day,” therefore, it meant not doing “any work” but resting in His works (Deut. 5:12, 14). So has the same Lord, Jesus Christ, come in the flesh to fulfill the Law and to become our Sabbath Rest. As David “entered the house of God,” and not only “ate the bread of the Presence” but “also gave it to those who were with him” (Mark 2:26), the Lord Jesus entered the Holy of Holies as our great High Priest, in order to feed us with His flesh as the true bread of the Presence of God. As “lord even of the Sabbath,” He works “to do good,” to heal and “to save life” (Mark 2:28; 3:2, 4). He brings us out of sin and death and gives us rest in His own crucified and risen body. Though it is given “in jars of clay,” the life of Jesus is thereby manifested in our bodies (2 Cor. 4:7–11).
Dr. Martin Luther:
SECOND SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST - Mark 2:23–28 (3:1–6) (June 3)
“He wanted to drive home the truth that such a kingdom was not based on reason and human wisdom either. Thus the kingdom was constructed, and thus it is sustained to this day. Christ is not greatly impressed by great kings or powerful lords, by the rich of this world, or by royal lineage and great pomp, which otherwise carry weight in the world. If he had chosen only distinguished, learned, and saintly men as His apostles, no one could persuade the world to believe that the poor also belong to the kingdom of God.” Luther’s Works 22:190
Lectionary Podcast - Pentecost 2 - Series B - Mark 2:23-28 with Dr. Peter Scaer
Dr. Peter Scaer, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the Gospel lesson from the Greek text.
23 Καὶ ἐγένετο ⸂αὐτὸν ἐν τοῖς σάββασιν παραπορεύεσθαι⸃ διὰ τῶν σπορίμων, καὶ ⸂οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ ἤρξαντο⸃ ὁδὸν ποιεῖν τίλλοντες τοὺς στάχυας.
24 καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι ἔλεγον αὐτῷ· Ἴδε τί ⸀ποιοῦσιν τοῖς σάββασιν ὃ οὐκ ἔξεστιν;
25 καὶ ⸀λέγει αὐτοῖς· Οὐδέποτε ἀνέγνωτε τί ἐποίησεν Δαυὶδ ὅτε χρείαν ἔσχεν καὶ ἐπείνασεν αὐτὸς καὶ οἱ μετʼ αὐτοῦ;
26 ⸀πῶς εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸν οἶκον τοῦ θεοῦ ἐπὶ Ἀβιαθὰρ ἀρχιερέως καὶ τοὺς ἄρτους τῆς προθέσεως ἔφαγεν, οὓς οὐκ ἔξεστιν φαγεῖν εἰ μὴ ⸂τοὺς ἱερεῖς⸃, καὶ ἔδωκεν καὶ τοῖς σὺν αὐτῷ οὖσιν;
27 καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς· Τὸ σάββατον διὰ τὸν ἄνθρωπον ἐγένετο ⸀καὶ οὐχ ὁ ἄνθρωπος διὰ τὸ σάββατον·
28 ὥστε κύριός ἐστιν ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου καὶ τοῦ σαββάτου.
(23) And it happened, He went along through the grain fields in the sabbaths. And His disciples began to make way, plucking the heads of grain.
(24) And the Pharisees said to Him, Behold, why do they do that which is not lawful on the sabbaths?
(25) And He said to them, Did you never read what David did when he had need and hungered, he and those with him,
(26) how he entered the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the Loaves of the Presentation, which it is not lawful to eat, except for the priests, and he even gave to those being with him?
(27) And He said to them, The sabbath came into being for man's sake, not man for the sabbath's sake.
(28) So then the Son of Man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Scripture quotations marked SBLGNT are from the SBL Greek New Testament. Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software. Holmes, M. W. (2011–2013). The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Lexham Press; Society of Biblical Literature.