Twelfth Sunday After Pentecost

Proper 16A (August 21–27)

Isaiah 51:1–6; Ps. 138:1-8; Romans 11:33–12:8; Matthew 16:13–20

Hymn of Invocation
Triune God, be Thou our stay (LSB 505)

Hymn of the Day / Catechetical Hymn of the Week
Built on the Rock the Church shall stand (LSB 645)

Hymns for the Distribution of the Holy Communion
In the shattered bliss of Eden (LSB 572)

Dear Christians, one and all, rejoice (LSB 556)

O Christ, our true and only light (LSB 839)


I know my faith is founded (LSB 587)

Hymn of Departure
Holy God, we praise Thy name (LSB 940)



The Lord Jesus Christ is the Son of the Living God

Jesus asked His disciples: “But who do you say that I am?” The question is also put to us: “Who do you say that He is?” Flesh and blood do not reveal this to us, but by the Ministry of the Gospel the Father in heaven reveals His Son to us on earth, who has become flesh and suffered death for our salvation. Thus we believe and confess that He is “the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Matt 16:16). As He died for our transgressions and was raised for our justification, He looses us from all our sins and preserves our life within His Church, against which even “the gates of hell shall not prevail” (Matt. 16:18–19). His salvation is forever, and His righteousness “will never be dismayed” (Is. 51:6). He comforts us with the Gospel in His Church, so that “joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the voice of song” (Is. 51:3). Therefore, “according to the measure of faith that God has assigned” (Rom. 12:3), we also offer ourselves “as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God” (Rom. 12:1) through Jesus Christ, our Lord.


Summary: LCMS 

Hymns: Dr. Richard Stuckwisch

Hades Vanquished and Peter the Rock: Understanding the Images and Old Testament Backdrop of Matt. 16 - Chad Bird


Matthew 16:13-20, “You Are the Christ” – Pastors Rossow and Ostermeyer – Pastors’ Roundtable – Issues, Etc.

Pastor Timothy Ostermeyer of Hope Lutheran, St. Ann, Mo., and Pastor Timothy Rossow of Bethany Lutheran, Naperville, Ill., discuss Matt. 16:13-20, "You are the Christ", with Pr. Todd Wilken (mp3, 54:29, 21.9 MB, 2011-Aug-18)

Looking Forward to Sunday Morning (3 Year Lectionary): Twelfth Sunday of Pentecost — Dr. Carl Fickenscher — Issues Etc.

Dr. Carl Fickenscher, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the readings and propers with Pr. Todd Wilken on Issues Etc. (mp3, 57:19, 52.5 MB, 2017-Aug-21)

Lectionary Podcast - Proper 16 - Series A - Matthew 16:13-20 with Dr. Arthur Just

Dr. Arthur Just, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the Gospel lesson from the Greek text.

Matthew 16:13–20 (SBLGNT)

13 Ἐλθὼν δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἰς τὰ μέρη Καισαρείας τῆς Φιλίππου ἠρώτα τοὺς μαθητὰς αὐτοῦ λέγων· ⸀Τίνα λέγουσιν οἱ ἄνθρωποι εἶναι τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου;

14 οἱ δὲ εἶπαν· Οἱ μὲν Ἰωάννην τὸν βαπτιστήν, ἄλλοι δὲ Ἠλίαν, ἕτεροι δὲ Ἰερεμίαν ἢ ἕνα τῶν προφητῶν.

15 λέγει αὐτοῖς· Ὑμεῖς δὲ τίνα με λέγετε εἶναι;

16 ἀποκριθεὶς δὲ Σίμων Πέτρος εἶπεν· Σὺ εἶ ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ζῶντος.

17 ⸂ἀποκριθεὶς δὲ⸃ ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτῷ· Μακάριος εἶ, Σίμων Βαριωνᾶ, ὅτι σὰρξ καὶ αἷμα οὐκ ἀπεκάλυψέν σοι ἀλλʼ ὁ πατήρ μου ὁ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς·

18 κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι σὺ εἶ Πέτρος, καὶ ἐπὶ ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρᾳ οἰκοδομήσω μου τὴν ἐκκλησίαν, καὶ πύλαι ᾅδου οὐ κατισχύσουσιν αὐτῆς·

19 ⸀δώσω σοι τὰς ⸀κλεῖδας τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν, καὶ ὃ ⸀ἐὰν δήσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται δεδεμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς, καὶ ὃ ⸁ἐὰν λύσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται λελυμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς.

20 τότε ⸀διεστείλατο τοῖς ⸀μαθηταῖς ἵνα μηδενὶ εἴπωσιν ὅτι αὐτός ⸀ἐστιν ὁ χριστός.

Literal Translation

(13)  And coming into the parts of Caesarea of Philip, Jesus questioned His disciples, saying, Whom do men say Me the Son of Man to be?

(14)  And they said, Some say John the Baptist, and others Elijah, and others Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

(15)  He said to them, But you, whom do you say Me to be?

(16)  And answering, Simon Peter said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

(17)  And answering, Jesus said to him, Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah, for flesh and blood did not reveal it to you, but My Father in Heaven.

(18)  And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My assembly, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against her.

(19)  And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of Heaven. And whatever you bind on earth shall occur, having been bound in Heaven. And whatever you may loose on the earth shall be, having been loosed in Heaven.

(20)  Then He warned His disciples that they should tell no one that He is Jesus the Christ.

Scripture quotations marked SBLGNT are from the SBL Greek New Testament. Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software. Holmes, M. W. (2011–2013). The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Lexham Press; Society of Biblical Literature.