15th Sunday After Pentecost
Proper 19 (September 11–17)
Genesis 50:15–21; Ps. 103:1-12; Romans 14:1–12; Matthew 18:21–35
Hymn of Invocation:
Hymn of the Day
"Forgive our sins as we forgive" (LSB 843)
Hymns for the Distribution of the Holy Communion
Entrust your days and burdens (LSB 754)
Jesus, I will ponder now (LSB 440) (Catechetical)
Hymn of Departure
A mighty fortress is our God (LSB 656)
Forgiving as the Lord Forgives Us
In settling His accounts with us, our Lord acts not with anger, but with compassion. He does not imprison us as we deserve, but He forgives all our debts and releases us (Matt. 18:23–27). Therefore, our Lord bids each of us to have “mercy on your fellow servant,” and “forgive your brother from your heart” (Matt 18:33, 35). By the Lord’s forgiveness of our sins, we are free to forgive those who sin against us, because He has been handed over to the jailers in our stead, and He has paid our entire debt with His lifeblood. Whether we live or die, we “are the Lord’s” (Rom. 14:8). Since we all will “stand before the judgment seat of God,” we are not to despise our brother (Rom. 14:10), but gladly forgive him. By the grace of God, our brother also “will be upheld, for the Lord is able to make him stand” (Rom. 14:4). Though we daily sin against each other, the Lord intends “to bring it about that many people should be kept alive” (Gen. 50:20). Jesus speaks kindly by His Gospel and promises: “I will provide for you and your little ones” (Gen 50:21).
Hymns: Dr. Richard Stuckwisch
Looking Forward to Sunday Morning (3 Year Lectionary): Fifteenth Sunday of Pentecost — Dr. Carl Fickenscher — Issues Etc.
Dr. Carl Fickenscher, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the readings and propers with Pr. Todd Wilken on Issues Etc. (mp3, 57:14, 52.4 MB, 2017-Sept-11)
Pastors' Round-Table -- Matthew 18:21-35 -- "The Unforgiving Servant" -- Issues Etc.
Pastor Charlie Henrickson of St. Matthew Lutheran, Bonne Terre, Mo, and Pastor Mark Nuckols of St. Paul Lutheran, Austin, Tx. discuss the Gospel reading with Pastor Todd Wilken on Issues Etc. (mp3, 57:24, 21.8 MB, 2001-Sept-08)
Bookkeeping Forgiveness: Jesus’ Anti-Lamech Parable about Unbridled Absolution - Chad Bird
Lectionary Podcast - Proper 19 - Series A - Matthew 18:21-35 with Dr. John G. Nordling
Dr. John G. Nordling, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the Gospel lesson from the Greek text.
21 Τότε προσελθὼν ⸂αὐτῷ ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν⸃· Κύριε, ποσάκις ἁμαρτήσει εἰς ἐμὲ ὁ ἀδελφός μου καὶ ἀφήσω αὐτῷ; ἕως ἑπτάκις;
22 λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Οὐ λέγω σοι ἕως ἑπτάκις ἀλλὰ ἕως ἑβδομηκοντάκις ἑπτά.
23 Διὰ τοῦτο ὡμοιώθη ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν ἀνθρώπῳ βασιλεῖ ὃς ἠθέλησεν συνᾶραι λόγον μετὰ τῶν δούλων αὐτοῦ·
24 ἀρξαμένου δὲ αὐτοῦ συναίρειν ⸀προσηνέχθη ⸂αὐτῷ εἷς⸃ ὀφειλέτης μυρίων ταλάντων.
25 μὴ ἔχοντος δὲ αὐτοῦ ἀποδοῦναι ἐκέλευσεν αὐτὸν ὁ ⸀κύριος πραθῆναι καὶ τὴν ⸀γυναῖκα καὶ τὰ τέκνα καὶ πάντα ὅσα ⸀ἔχει καὶ ἀποδοθῆναι.
26 πεσὼν οὖν ὁ δοῦλος προσεκύνει αὐτῷ λέγων· ⸀Μακροθύμησον ἐπʼ ⸀ἐμοί, καὶ πάντα ⸂ἀποδώσω σοι⸃.
27 σπλαγχνισθεὶς δὲ ὁ κύριος τοῦ δούλου ἐκείνου ἀπέλυσεν αὐτόν, καὶ τὸ δάνειον ἀφῆκεν αὐτῷ.
28 ἐξελθὼν δὲ ὁ δοῦλος ἐκεῖνος εὗρεν ἕνα τῶν συνδούλων αὐτοῦ ὃς ὤφειλεν αὐτῷ ἑκατὸν δηνάρια, καὶ κρατήσας αὐτὸν ἔπνιγεν λέγων· ⸀Ἀπόδος εἴ τι ὀφείλεις.
29 πεσὼν οὖν ὁ σύνδουλος ⸀αὐτοῦ παρεκάλει αὐτὸν λέγων· Μακροθύμησον ἐπʼ ⸀ἐμοί, καὶ ἀποδώσω σοι.
30 ὁ δὲ οὐκ ἤθελεν, ἀλλὰ ἀπελθὼν ἔβαλεν αὐτὸν εἰς φυλακὴν ἕως ⸀οὗ ἀποδῷ τὸ ὀφειλόμενον.
31 ἰδόντες ⸀οὖν οἱ σύνδουλοι αὐτοῦ τὰ γενόμενα ἐλυπήθησαν σφόδρα, καὶ ἐλθόντες διεσάφησαν τῷ κυρίῳ ἑαυτῶν πάντα τὰ γενόμενα.
32 τότε προσκαλεσάμενος αὐτὸν ὁ κύριος αὐτοῦ λέγει αὐτῷ· Δοῦλε πονηρέ, πᾶσαν τὴν ὀφειλὴν ἐκείνην ἀφῆκά σοι, ἐπεὶ παρεκάλεσάς με·
33 οὐκ ἔδει καὶ σὲ ἐλεῆσαι τὸν σύνδουλόν σου, ὡς κἀγὼ σὲ ἠλέησα;
34 καὶ ὀργισθεὶς ὁ κύριος αὐτοῦ παρέδωκεν αὐτὸν τοῖς βασανισταῖς ἕως οὗ ἀποδῷ πᾶν τὸ ⸀ὀφειλόμενον.
35 Οὕτως καὶ ὁ πατήρ μου ὁ ⸀οὐράνιος ποιήσει ὑμῖν ἐὰν μὴ ἀφῆτε ἕκαστος τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῶν καρδιῶν ⸀ὑμῶν.
(21) Then coming up to Him, Peter said, Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Until seven times?
(22) Jesus said to him, I do not say to you, Until seven times, but, Until seventy times seven.
(23) Because of this the kingdom of Heaven has been compared to a man, a king, who desired to take account with his slaves.
(24) And he having begun to reckon, one debtor of ten thousand talents was brought near to him.
(25) But he not having any to repay, the lord commanded him to be sold, also his wife and children, and all things, as much as he had, even to pay back.
(26) Then having fallen down, the slave bowed the knee to him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay all to you.
(27) And being filled with pity, the lord of that slave released him and forgave him the loan.
(28) But having gone out, that slave found one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred denarii. And seizing him, he choked him, saying, Pay me whatever you owe.
(29) Then having fallen down at his feet, his fellow slave begged him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay all to you.
(30) But he would not, but having gone away he threw him into prison until he should pay back the amount owing.
(31) But his fellow slaves, seeing the things happening, they were greatly grieved. And having come they reported to their lord all the things happening.
(32) Then having called him near, his lord said to him, Wicked slave! I forgave you all that debt, since you begged me.
(33) Ought you not also to have mercy on your fellow slave, as I also had mercy?
(34) And being angry, his lord delivered him up to the tormentors until he pay back all that debt to him.
(35) So also My heavenly Father will do to you unless each of you from your hearts forgive his brother their deviations.
Scripture quotations marked SBLGNT are from the SBL Greek New Testament. Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software. Holmes, M. W. (2011–2013). The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Lexham Press; Society of Biblical Literature.