20th Sunday After Pentecost

Proper 24 (October 16-22)

Isaiah 45:1–7; Ps. 96:1-13; 1 Thessalonians 1:1–10; Matthew 22:15–22

Hymn of Invocation
I trust, O Lord, Your holy name (LSB 734)

Hymn of the Day / Catechetical Hymn of the Week
LSB 940 Holy God, We Praise Thy Name


Hymns for the Distribution of the Holy Communion
Rejoice, my heart, be glad and sing (LSB 737)

All depends on our possessing (LSB 732)

Evening and morning (LSB 726)

Praise the Almighty, my soul, adore Him (LSB 797)

Hymn of Departure
Sing praise to God, the highest good (LSB 819)



We Are Recreated in the Image of God by the Cross of Christ

Plotting against Jesus, the Pharisees attempted “to entangle Him in His talk” by asking about the payment of taxes to Caesar (Matt. 22:15). The Lord pointed to coins required for the tax, and He answered that we should “render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s” (Matt. 22:21). But if coins bearing the image of Caesar should be rendered to him, then man–who is made in the image of God–must be rendered to the Lord. That tax is paid for us by the Lord Jesus, the Image of God in the flesh, by His self-offering on the Cross. And from His Cross, as the Lord’s anointed, He reigns as the true Caesar over all nations “from the rising of the sun and from the west” (Is. 45:6). The Lord once called and anointed Cyrus “to subdue nations before him and to loose the belts of kings” (Is. 45:1). Now by the preaching of the Gospel, “in power and in the Holy Spirit” (1 Thess. 1:4), foreigners from all over the world are “turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God” (1 Thess. 1:9–10).


Summary: LCMS 

Hymns: Dr. Richard Stuckwisch

Pastors’ Roundtable -- Matthew 22:15-22, “Paying Taxes to Caesar” -- Issues Etc

Pr. Brian Holle of Messiah Lutheran, Lebanon, Ill. and Pr. Jim Roemke of Good Shepherd Lutheran, Middleville, Mich., discuss Matt 22:1-14 with Pr Todd Wilken (mp3, 57:20, 23.4 MB, 2012-Nov-08)

Rendering to Caesar and Christ: Paying Taxes and Being Stamped with the Image and Inscription of God - Chad Bird


Looking Forward to Sunday Morning (3 Year Lectionary): Twentieth Sunday of Pentecost — Dr. Carl Fickenscher — Issues Etc.

Dr. Carl Fickenscher, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the readings and propers with Pr. Todd Wilken on Issues Etc. (mp3, 57:51, 53.0 MB, 2017-Oct-16)

Matthew 22:15-22 (SBLGNT)

15 Τότε πορευθέντες οἱ Φαρισαῖοι συμβούλιον ἔλαβον ὅπως αὐτὸν παγιδεύσωσιν ἐν λόγῳ.

16 καὶ ἀποστέλλουσιν αὐτῷ τοὺς μαθητὰς αὐτῶν μετὰ τῶν Ἡρῳδιανῶν ⸀λέγοντες· Διδάσκαλε, οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἀληθὴς εἶ καὶ τὴν ὁδὸν τοῦ θεοῦ ἐν ἀληθείᾳ διδάσκεις, καὶ οὐ μέλει σοι περὶ οὐδενός, οὐ γὰρ βλέπεις εἰς πρόσωπον ἀνθρώπων·

17 εἰπὸν οὖν ἡμῖν τί σοι δοκεῖ· ἔξεστιν δοῦναι κῆνσον Καίσαρι ἢ οὔ;

18 γνοὺς δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς τὴν πονηρίαν αὐτῶν εἶπεν· Τί με πειράζετε, ὑποκριταί;

19 ἐπιδείξατέ μοι τὸ νόμισμα τοῦ κήνσου. οἱ δὲ προσήνεγκαν αὐτῷ δηνάριον.

20 καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς· Τίνος ἡ εἰκὼν αὕτη καὶ ἡ ἐπιγραφή;

21 λέγουσιν ⸀αὐτῷ· Καίσαρος. τότε λέγει αὐτοῖς· Ἀπόδοτε οὖν τὰ Καίσαρος Καίσαρι καὶ τὰ τοῦ θεοῦ τῷ θεῷ.

22 καὶ ἀκούσαντες ἐθαύμασαν, καὶ ἀφέντες αὐτὸν ἀπῆλθαν.

Literal Translation

(15)  Then going, the Pharisees took counsel so as they might trap Him in words.

(16)  And they sent to Him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Teacher, we know that You are true, and teach the way of God in truth, and it does not concern You about anyone, for You do not look to the face of men.

(17)  Then tell us, what do You think? Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?

(18)  But knowing their wickedness, Jesus said, Why do you test Me, hypocrites?

(19)  Show Me the tribute coin. And they brought a denarius to Him.

(20)  And He said to them, Whose image and inscription is this?

(21)  They said to Him, Caesar's. Then He said to them, Then give to Caesar the things of Caesar, and to God the things of God.

(22)  And hearing, they marveled. And leaving Him, they went away.

Scripture quotations marked SBLGNT are from the SBL Greek New Testament. Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software. Holmes, M. W. (2011–2013). The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Lexham Press; Society of Biblical Literature.