23rd Sunday After Pentecost

(Third Last Sunday of the Church Year)

Proper 27 (November 6-12)

Amos 5:18–24; Ps. 70:1-5; 1 Thessalonians 4:13–18; Matthew 25:1–13

Hymn of Invocation
Preserve Your Word, O Savior (LSB 658)


Of the Day: LSB 516 Wake, Awake, for Night Is Flying


Hymns for the Distribution of the Holy Communion
The Bridegroom soon will call us (LSB 514)

O Lord, how shall I meet You (LSB 334)

From God can nothing move me (LSB 713)

Jesus, Thy boundless love to me (LSB 683)

Hymn of Departure
Who trusts in God a strong abode (LSB 714)


The Gospel Prepares Us for Our Heavenly Bridegroom’s Coming

The Day of the Lord is “darkness, and not light” (Amos 5:18, 20) for all who trust in their own righteousness and piety. The Lord will not accept their “burnt offerings and grain offerings,” nor will He look upon their “peace offerings” (Amos 5:22). Instead He desires a heart of faith that trusts in Him, which lets “justice roll down like waters, and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream” (Amos 5:24) in love for the neighbor. In order for the “lamps” of our lives to burn brightly with such love, we must be filled with the “oil” of forgiveness through faith in our Bridegroom, Jesus Christ (Matt 25:1–4). Therefore, as we await His coming, wisdom directs us “to the dealers” (Matt 25:9), that is, to the ministers of His Gospel. Thus we wait upon the Lord, and we “encourage one another with these words” (1 Thessalonians 4:18). Waking or sleeping, we are prepared to meet Him when He comes “with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God,” and “we will always be with the Lord” (1 Thess 4:16, 17).


Summary: LCMS 

Hymns: Dr. Richard Stuckwisch

Playing with Fire: Wise & Foolish Virgins, Oil & Fire, and God’s Long But Limited Patience - Chad Bird


Pastors’ Roundtable -- “The Parable of the Ten Virgins” Matthew 25:1-13 – Issues Etc

Pr. Ryan Fehrmann of Grace Lutheran, Paris, Ill., and Pr. Kirk Clayton of Zion Lutheran, Mascoutah, Ill., discuss Matthew 25:1-13 with Pr Todd Wilken (, 50:55, 20.6 MB, 2013-Nov-20)

Looking Forward to Sunday Morning (3 Year Lectionary): Twenty-Third Sunday after Pentecost — Dr. Carl Fickenscher — Issues Etc.

Dr. Carl Fickenscher, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the readings and propers with Pr. Todd Wilken on Issues Etc. (mp3, 38:37, 35.4 MB, 2017-Nov-08)

Lectionary Podcast - Pentecost 23 - Matthew 25:1-13 with Dr. Charles A. Gieschen

Dr. Charles A. Gieschen, Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, Ind., discusses the Gospel lesson from the Greek text.

Matthew 25:1-13 (SBLGNT)

1 Τότε ὁμοιωθήσεται ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν δέκα παρθένοις, αἵτινες λαβοῦσαι τὰς λαμπάδας ⸀ἑαυτῶν ἐξῆλθον εἰς ⸀ὑπάντησιν τοῦ νυμφίου.

2 πέντε δὲ ⸂ἐξ αὐτῶν ἦσαν⸃ ⸂μωραὶ καὶ πέντε φρόνιμοι⸃.

3 ⸂αἱ γὰρ⸃ μωραὶ λαβοῦσαι τὰς λαμπάδας αὐτῶν οὐκ ἔλαβον μεθʼ ἑαυτῶν ἔλαιον·

4 αἱ δὲ φρόνιμοι ἔλαβον ἔλαιον ἐν τοῖς ⸀ἀγγείοις μετὰ τῶν λαμπάδων ⸀ἑαυτῶν.

5 χρονίζοντος δὲ τοῦ νυμφίου ἐνύσταξαν πᾶσαι καὶ ἐκάθευδον.

6 μέσης δὲ νυκτὸς κραυγὴ γέγονεν· Ἰδοὺ ὁ ⸀νυμφίος, ἐξέρχεσθε εἰς ἀπάντησιν ⸀αὐτοῦ.

7 τότε ἠγέρθησαν πᾶσαι αἱ παρθένοι ἐκεῖναι καὶ ἐκόσμησαν τὰς λαμπάδας ⸀ἑαυτῶν.

8 αἱ δὲ μωραὶ ταῖς φρονίμοις εἶπαν· Δότε ἡμῖν ἐκ τοῦ ἐλαίου ὑμῶν, ὅτι αἱ λαμπάδες ἡμῶν σβέννυνται.

9 ἀπεκρίθησαν δὲ αἱ φρόνιμοι λέγουσαι· Μήποτε ⸂οὐ μὴ⸃ ἀρκέσῃ ἡμῖν καὶ ὑμῖν· ⸀πορεύεσθε μᾶλλον πρὸς τοὺς πωλοῦντας καὶ ἀγοράσατε ἑαυταῖς.

10 ἀπερχομένων δὲ αὐτῶν ἀγοράσαι ἦλθεν ὁ νυμφίος, καὶ αἱ ἕτοιμοι εἰσῆλθον μετʼ αὐτοῦ εἰς τοὺς γάμους, καὶ ἐκλείσθη ἡ θύρα.

11 ὕστερον δὲ ἔρχονται καὶ αἱ λοιπαὶ παρθένοι λέγουσαι· Κύριε κύριε, ἄνοιξον ἡμῖν·

12 ὁ δὲ ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν· Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, οὐκ οἶδα ὑμᾶς.

13 γρηγορεῖτε οὖν, ὅτι οὐκ οἴδατε τὴν ἡμέραν οὐδὲ τὴν ⸀ὥραν.

Literal Translation

(1)  Then the kingdom of Heaven shall be compared to ten virgins who taking their lamps, went out to a meeting of the bridegroom.

(2)  And five of them were wise, and five foolish.

(3)  Those being foolish, taking their lamps, did not take oil with them.

(4)  But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.

(5)  But the bridegroom delaying, all nodded and slept.

(6)  And at midnight, a cry occurred: Behold, the bridegroom comes! Go out to meet him.

(7)  Then all those virgins were aroused and prepared their lamps.

(8)  And the foolish said to the wise, Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.

(9)  But the wise answered, saying, No, lest there not be enough for us and you. But rather, go to those who sell and buy for yourselves.

(10)  But they going away to buy, the bridegroom came. And those ready went in with him to the wedding feast, and the door was shut.

(11)  And afterwards, the rest of the virgins also came, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.

(12)  But answering, he said, Truly I say to you, I do not know you.

(13)  Therefore, watch, for you do not know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man comes.

Scripture quotations marked SBLGNT are from the SBL Greek New Testament. Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software. Holmes, M. W. (2011–2013). The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Lexham Press; Society of Biblical Literature.